quarta-feira, 21 de agosto de 2013

English Research
Theme: Biography
- Utilize as estratégias de leitura para ler o texto.
- Responder as questões abaixo em uma folha separada e entregar no final da aula.

Mahandas Karamchand Gandhi
Leader of the Indian independence movement was born in Porbandar, Gujarat, whose religious principles of nonviolence and the belief in the sanctity of all living beings, followed successfully in his political activities, consecrated the world.

The title given Mahatma, which means great soul, expressed the respect and veneration of the Indian people for their leader. Studied in Samaldas College in Bhavnagar, and law at the University of Oxford, England. Returned to India (1891) and then moved to Natal, South Africa, a country with a large population of Indians, where he practiced law (1893-1914) and began his fight against injustice and located humiliations suffered by Indians residents. Founded a section of the Congress Party and laid the foundations of peaceful resistance, satyagraha, based on the principles of nonviolent struggle and suffering as a means to resist the opponent.

Returned to India (1915), supported the British during the First World War, but the massacre in Amritsar (1919), in the state of Punjab, where British troops killed some 400 Indian made commence their struggle for independence ( 1920), it resulted in a prison term (1922-1924). On his release he had to work hard in the reunification of communities and the Congress Party extremely divided between Hindus and Muslims.

After the notorious disobedience campaign against the salt tax (1930), agreed a truce with the United Kingdom and has agreed to attend the Second Round Table Conference (1931), in London, in which once again claimed the independence of his country . Returning to India in December (1931), resumed disobedience campaign and was again arrested and convicted. In this period remained fundamental political contacts with Jawaharlal Nehru, another of the great leaders of the future Indian nation. In protest against the decision of the British government to segregate the lower castes, outcasts (1932) made one of his notorious hunger strikes.

Leaving the Party Congress (1934) focused on a program of organization of the nation from the fight for the poor, which included the encouragement of regional industries and the establishment of an education system geared to the needs of the people. With the outbreak of World War II, he returned to active militancy and urged the immediate withdrawal of the British (1942), which resulted in the arrest of the key leaders of the Congress Party.

After the war (1945) has begun a new stage in Indo-British relations which resulted in the formation of two independent states (1947): India, largely Hindu, and Pakistan Muslim. He was assassinated by a Hindu fanatic, while praying in Delhi, and his ashes were scattered in the Ganges River.

Source: http://www.dec.ufcg.edu.br/biografias/

Monsenhor High School
English Language                                                            Teacher Zoraide Alcântara
3rd year “_____“ Morning                                          Date: ___/___/_____
Student: _________________________________________  number: ______
Student: _________________________________________  number: ______

1.       Quem foi Gandhi?
2.       De onde ele é?
3.       Qual o significado do título dado a Mahatma?
4.       Onde Gandhi estudou e quais os cursos?
5.       Qual foi a sua luta e onde foi?
6.       Quais foram os anos que ele foi preso e quais os motivos?

7.       Quais foram as conquistas na luta de Gandhi?

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